Appendices Appendix A ICT Literacy A1 Basic Concepts of ICT
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UNIT A1 – BASIC CONCEPTS OF ICT

This unit can be used on a need-to-know basis during the teaching of other units. It is meant to give theoretical background for the practical work in the other units.

Objective

Students should be able to identify and understand the functions of the main components of a typical information and/or communication system as well as identify and understand the functions of various peripherals. They should be able to understand the main functions of the systems software environment and to utilise its features in relation to the main applications software being used.

Sub-objectives

Students should be able to:

  1. identify the main components of the hardware in use (i.e. CPU, input devices, output devices and storage devices);
  2. demonstrate an understanding of the functions of the main components of the hardware in use;
  3. identify various peripheral devices (e.g. modem, fax-modem, plotter, scanner, digital camera);
  4. demonstrate an understanding of the functions of the various peripheral devices;
  5. demonstrate an understanding of the local network in use in relation to the external network (e.g. Internet) and the use of e-mail;
  6. demonstrate an understanding of the main functions of the system software environment;
  7. demonstrate an understanding of the features of the system software environment (to the appropriate level) in relation to the main applications software;

Context

Students should understand how computers and the basic operating system work and demonstrate that the computer is under their control. They should not be mystified by computers and should be able to understand that computers are continually being improved and why.

Content

Students should be able to differentiate between the basic components of a computer system and understand the function of various peripheral devices. Students should know what system software is and how the use of this software relates to the operating systems software.

They should be aware of the connectivity of computers in a local and a external network and be familiar with the appropriate functions of the networks can give.

Resources

Minimum necessary resources:
Diagrams, models of the basic computer components; illustrations of their functions; actual samples or illustrations of peripheral devices. Systems software, such as Windows, for demonstration.

Optional extra resources:
Videos, visits to computer facilities, computer building kits;
Dated, but not obsolete computer to take apart.

Links

All other A-Units.

Methodology

Unit A1 presents an introductory course, but can also be used in combination with the practical working on other A-Units.

Explanations with diagrams, video and real objects; field trips where necessary.