Professional Development of Teachers B. Applying ICT to the Teachers’ Subject Area
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B. Applying ICT to the Teachers’ Subject Area

At this stage teachers have confidence in a number of generic and specialised ICT tools that can applied to the teaching of their subject area. The opportunity to apply ICT in all of their teaching is often limited by the lack of ready access to ICT facilities and resources, hence it is not fully integrated into all lessons for all students.

Specific examples are provided in Appendix B, the student curriculum to illustrate how teachers apply ICT in their teaching, in languages, natural sciences, mathematics, social sciences and art:

There are general competencies, common to all the uses, whatever the subject area. The focus of training and professional develop will need to focus upon these areas as teachers technical confidence and competence grows and they are seeking ways to improve their teaching.

Examples of general competencies:

How to organise Teacher Development in Area B?

To be able to use ICT in the teaching process itself and be able to perform all the abilities mentioned above in your own subject area, a more adapted training is required. The way this «training» could be carried out depends on the learning style of the teachers involved as well as on the subject area and specific application. We mention the following possibilities:

  1. Training courses, seminars and workshops on specific applications used in the teachers’ subject area. It is sometimes recommended to include these ICT workshops in accepted conferences within the specific teacher subject community in order to diminish the threshold for participation.

  2. Communities of teachers, set up with a particular goal. In this case some colleague teachers (from different schools, but within one subject, best number seems to be between 6 and 12 teachers) can decide to work together (perhaps with expert coaching) on the implementation of a certain ICT topic into their curriculum. They can communicate by means of a virtual community (they have «done» Unit A7!), but it appears to be very necessary to organize face to face meetings as well. The success of these teacher «networks» is proven, although there are pitfalls to be taken care off:
  3. There are new ways of development emerging. In different countries information resources are set up for applications of ICT in the curriculum. Mostly these resources are to find on the Internet. Sometimes they only give brief or extensive information, sometimes they give access to training facilities, sometimes there are possibilities for on line learning by means of video-conferencing.

Do not forget