Appendices Appendix D ICT specialisation Unit VS3 - Project management
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UNIT VS3 – PROJECT MANAGEMENT

Objective

Students should be aware of the main variables which influence the progress and success of a project and are able to plan team activities within a given, but not too long, time frame.

Sub-objectives

Students should be able to:

  1. identify the goals of a project, all the variables (social, political, financial, economic, cultural and human resources) which are likely to affect the implementation of the project;
  2. plan team activities and use a simple graphical planning tool.

1. PLANNING PHASE OF A PROJECT

Objective

Students should be able to identify the objectives of the project and have an appreciation of the variables which may affect successful implementation.

Context

Team work is essential in the modern information technology environment. Students should work on a project as a team in the Planning Phase (see also Units VS1 and VS2). It should be ensured that students understand and appreciate their respective roles as members of the team.

Content

The objectives and parameters of the project have to be defined to ensure that all the variables will be considered at the appropriate stages of the project. Students will be made aware that market research should be undertaken to ensure that decisions affecting the project will be based on quality information.

Sub-objectives

Students should be able to, as part of the planning process:

  1. identify the objectives of the project to be implemented;
  2. state the objectives in operational terms;
  3. identify the social, cultural, political, financial and human resources variables which may influence the project.

2. DESIGN PHASE AND REALISATION PHASE OF THE PROJECT

Objective

Students should be able to plan team activities and use a simple graphical planning tool.

Context

In the real world, having the best plans means nothing if you cannot «sell» them within the organisation. Students should give a mock presentation of their project in their respective teams while another team evaluates, pointing out what they see as problems and asking the team presenting to justify their choices and strategies of the suggested way forward.

Content

The following student activities are part of the Design Phase and Realisation Phase:

  1. identify all the essential output from the project;
  2. quantify the output in terms of time, materials, financial and human resources;
  3. plan the application of resources with a simple graphical planning tool.

3. IMPLEMENTATION PHASE OF THE PROJECT

Objective

Students should be able to relate the quality of the outcome of a project to the planning and realisation phases, and to the monitoring of the project during these two phases.

Context

In the real world, we learn and make progress by analysing the good and the bad of every project; planning to re-utilise the good and avoid the bad in future. Students should discuss, under the directions of the teacher, how each of the identified variables has affected the implementation of the project and what should be done to minimise negative effects. Each team presents a comprehensive picture of what they propose should be done.

Content

The following student activities are part of the Implementation Phase:

  1. collect data relevant to the quality of the implementation of the project;
  2. identify the factors which have adversely influenced the project;
  3. suggest what could have been done to improve the management of the project.